"Paragraph Structure"

Hi mates, here are some information on "Paragraph Structure". Knowing these, may help our writing to be better,clearer and impactful. 

What is paragraph

It is a group of related sentences that discuss ONE MAIN IDEA (and usually ONLY one). It can be as short as one sentence or as long as 10 sentences. The number of sentence is NOT important! However, the paragraph should be long enough to develop OUR MAIN idea clearly.

Basically, PERLU Di ingat, ONE IDEA, ONE paragraph. Ayat lain di gunakan untuk menyokong IDEA tersebut. Contoh:- (contoh je tau).

2014 is ‘Visit Malaysia’ year. The Ministry of Tourism has lined up numerous Malaysian events throughout the year. All events are arranged and tailored on a weekly basis at diverse venues around Malaysia. The programmes, organised by Malaysia’s Ministry of Tourism, include Anniversary of UNESCO World Heritage City Celebration, Malaysia Water Festival, KL 1Malaysia Family Fair, and many more. They run in all 14 states of Malaysia. They are purposely created to ‘pull’ local and international tourists to visit Malaysia.   

(What I am trying to explain here, Visit Malaysia, 2014 = main idea, The Ministry of Tourism, events, venues, programmes, UNESCO World Heritage .... other events all are the supporting sentence to explain on the main idea).

Other explanation, 
All paragraphs have a TOPIC SENTENCE and SUPPORTING SENTENCE, and some paragraphs also have a CONCLUDING SENTENCE

It states the main idea of the paragraph. It not only names the topic of the paragraph, but it also limits the topic to one specific area that can be discussed completely in the space of a single paragraph. (please read many times this sentence, you will understand better).

The part of the topic sentence that announces the specific area to be discussed is called the CONTROLLING IDEA.   Notice how the topic sentence of the model states both the topic and the controlling idea:
Gold, a precious metal, is prized for two important characteristics. 
Gold = Topic       Two important characteristics  = controlling idea. 

Every good paragraph has a topic sentence, which clearly states the topic and the controlling idea of the paragraph. It is the most important sentence in a paragraph. Briefly, it indicates what the paragraph is going to discuss. For this reason, the topic sentence is a helpful guide to both the writer and the reader. The writer can see what information to include (what information to exclude). The reader can see what the paragraph is going to be about and is therefore better prepared to understand it. 

Here are three important points to remember about a topic sentence. Remember, a topic sentence is a complete sentence; that is, it contains at least ONE SUBJECT and ONE VERB. The following are NOT COMPLETE sentences because they do not have verb:

Driving on freeways. 
How to register for college classes.
The rise of indie film.

A topic sentence contains both a topic and a controlling idea. It names the topic and then limits the topic to a specific are to be discussed in the space of a single paragraph. 

          topic                              controlling idea.

Driving on freeways requires skill and alertness

How to register for college classes can be a frustrating experience for new students.

The rise of indie film is due to several factors

A topic sentence is the most general statement in the paragraph because it gives only the main idea. It does not give any specific details. A topic sentence is like the name of a particular course on a restaurant menu. When you order food in a restaurant, you want to know more about a particular course than just "meat" or "soup" or "salad". You want to know generally what kind of salad it is. Potato salad? Mixed green salad? Fruit salad? However, you do not necessarily want to know all the ingredients. Similarly, a reader wants to know generally what to expect in a paragraph, but he or she does not want to learn all the details in the first sentence. 

Position of Topic Sentences
The topic sentence is usually (but not always) the first sentence in a paragraph. Experiences writers sometimes put topic sentences in other locations but the best spot is usually right at the beginning. Readers who are used to the English way of writing want to know what they will read about as soon as they begin reading.

It develops the topic sentence. It explains or prove the topic sentence by giving more information about it. Some examples  

It signals the end of the paragraph and leaves the reader with important points to remember. 

more topics to share after this...  see you soon mates... 


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